Back in the day, actually some centuries ago, Spain was one of the major colonizing countries. It had explorers who claimed to have discovered countries, though I guess that the reality was that they didn’t really discover them, since these places already had people and cultures living there. But that was how things were back in the day. As a result, Spain had a number of colonies located very far from the country itself. It had ships which plied the trade routes. There was something back then known as the Galleon Trade. And because of its ships and access to certain countries, Spain was able to build on its access to certain spices and other natural resources.
Another thing that Spain brought with it to other countries was religion. There were priests on board these ships, and when they arrived at their destination, they would begin the process of winning over or bringing the people there into the church. This was not always a particularly peaceful process unfortunately. But one of the results of this process is that there are churches built in different countries, which were created by these priests and their orders. In fact today, there are still religious orders who own large amounts of land in some of these countries.
In a way, this was the form of globalization from centuries ago. It’s very different from how things are today and that is a good thing. Today’s globalization is generally more peaceful, and is powered by advances in technology and communication. In the past, Spain depended on its long haul ships in order to move wealth and resources from one place to another. Today, things are much easier and quicker, of course. A money transfer to India can be done in a very tiny fraction of the amount of time that it used to take centuries ago. On a daily basis, huge amounts of capital flow in and out of countries. The sheer scope and scale of these capital flows would boggle the mind of a Spanish sailor from centuries ago.